Chapter 03 - Federalism | CourseNotes

 

american government tenth edition outline

American Government Timothy O. Lenz and Mirya Holman Lenz and H O LM a n American Government Orange Grove Texts Plus seeks to redefine publishing in an electronic world. a joint venture of the University Press of Florida and The Orange Grove, Florida’s digital repository, this collaboration provides faculty, students. American Government, Ninth Edition James Q. Wilson John J. DiIulio, Jr., University of Pennsylvania: Study Outline National government largely does not govern individuals directly but gets states to do so in keeping with national policy; Tenth Amendment was added as . Learn 10th edition government american chapter 3 with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of 10th edition government american chapter 3 flashcards on Quizlet.


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Chapter Focus, american government tenth edition outline. Study Outline. What Would You Do? Political SourceNet. Wilson John J. DiIulio, Jr. Definition: political system with local governmental units, in addition to national one, that can make final decisions Examples of federal governments: Canada, India, and Germany Examples of unitary governments: France, Great Britain, and Italy Special protection of subnational governments in federal system is the result of: Constitution of country Habits, preferences, and dispositions of citizens Distribution of political power in society National government largely does not govern individuals directly but gets states to do so in keeping with national policy Negative views: block progress and protect powerful local interests Laski: states "poisonous and parasitic" Riker: perpetuation of racism Positive view: Elazar: strength, flexibility, and liberty Federalism makes good and bad effects possible Different political groups with different political purposes come to power in different places Federalist No.

The Founding A bold, new plan to protect personal liberty Founders believed that neither national nor state government would have authority over the other because power derives from the people, who shift their support.

New plan had no historical precedent. Tenth Amendment was added as an afterthought, to define the power of states Elastic language in Article I: necessary and proper Precise definitions of powers politically impossible because of competing interests, such as commerce Hence vague language--"necessary and proper" Hamilton's view: national supremacy because Constitution supreme law Jefferson's view: states' rights with people ultimate sovereign The debate on the meaning of federalism The Supreme Court speaks Hamiltonian position espoused by Marshall McCulloch v.

Maryland settled two questions. Could Congress charter a national bank? New debate resurrects notion of state police powers Many state constitutions open door to direct democracy through initiative, referendum, and recall, american government tenth edition outline. Existence of states guaranteed while local governments exist at pleasure of states Federal-state relations Grants-in-aid Grants show how political realities modify legal authority.

Began before the Constitution with "land grant colleges," various cash grants to states Dramatically increased in scope in the twentieth century Were attractive for various reasons Federal budget surpluses nineteenth century Federal income tax became a flexible tool Federal control of money supply meant national government could print more money "Free" money for state officials Required broad congressional coalitions Meeting national needs: s shift in grants-in-aid From what states demanded To what federal officials found important as national needs The intergovernmental lobby Hundreds of state, local officials lobby in Washington Purpose: to get more federal money with fewer strings Categorical grants versus revenue sharing Categorical grants for specific purposes; often require local matching funds Block grants devoted to general purposes with few restrictions Revenue sharing requires no matching funds and provides freedom in how to spend.

Distributed by statistical formula Ended in Neither block grants nor revenue sharing achieved the goal of giving states more freedom in spending Block grants grow more slowly than categorical grants, american government tenth edition outline.

Desire for federal control and distrust of state government No single interest group has a vital stake in multipurpose block grants, american government tenth edition outline sharing Categorical grants are matters of life or death for various agencies. Rivalry among the states Increased competition a result of increased dependency Snowbelt Frostbelt versus Sunbelt states Difficulty telling where funds spent Difficulty connecting funds to growth rates Focus on formulas and their impact Census takes on monumental importance Federal aid and federal control Introduction Fear of "Washington control" and jeopardy of Tenth Amendment Failed attempts at reversal in trends block grants and revenue sharing Traditional and newer forms of federal controls on state governmental actions Conditions of aid tell a state government what it must do to obtain grant money Mandates tell american government tenth edition outline governments what to do, in some instances even when they do not receive grant money B.

Mandates Most concern civil rights and environmental protection Administrative and financial problems often result Growth in mandates, to Features of mandates Regulatory statutes and american government tenth edition outline of previous legislation New areas of federal involvement Considerable variation in clarity, administration, and costs 1Additional costs imposed on the states through: Federal tax and regulatory schemes Federal laws exposing states to financial liability 6.

Federal courts have fueled the growth of mandates Interpretations of the Tenth Amendment have eased flow of mandates Court orders and prisons, school desegregation, busing, hiring practices, police brutality Conditions of aid Received by states voluntarily, in theory Financial dependence blurs the theory b.

Civil rights generally the focus of most important conditions in the 's, american government tenth edition outline proliferation has continued since the 's c, american government tenth edition outline.

Conditions range from specific to general 2. Divergent views of states and federal government on costs, benefits 3. Reagan's attempt to consolidate categorical grants; Congress's cooperation in name only 4. States respond by experimenting with new ways of delivering services e. Renewed effort to shift important functions to states by Republican-controlled Congress in Key issue: welfare i.

Old idea, american government tenth edition outline, but led by Congress Clinton agreed with need to scale back size and activities of american government tenth edition outline government. Block grants for entitlements Most block grants are for operating and capital purposes contra entitlement programs. Partial success and possible effects AFDC and a number of related programs are now block grants Possible triggering of second-order devolution Possible triggering of third-order devolution Dramatic decrease in welfare rolls increase american government tenth edition outline unspent dollars Surpluses and Medicaid costs, shortfalls in state revenues and funding surges What's driving devolution?

Beliefs of devolution proponents Realities of budget deficit Citizen views Congress and federalism: nation far from wholly centralized Members of Congress still local representatives Members of Congress represent different constituencies from the same localities. Link to local political groups eroded Differences of opinion over which level of government works best.

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American Government 10th Edition Chapter 1 Notes | CourseNotes

 

american government tenth edition outline

 

American Government 10th Edition Chapter 1 The Study of American Government -Unity in American politics is rare -People differ about who should govern and to what ends What is Political Power? Learn 10th edition government american with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of 10th edition government american flashcards on Quizlet. Government in America provides a solid foundation for a course in American government and politics. In the Eleventh Edition, the authors continue to adopt a policy approach to American government as a method of enabling students to understand the policies that governments produce. The themes of democracy and the.